Adolescent development -An insight to complex process for parents

Adolescence is a time of rapid biological, psychological, cognitive, emotional and social change. Young people’s relationships with school staff, parents and other adults may change during adolescence, but these relationships are still fundamental to positive development.

We at Thechildplus believe that it is the most important period that makes the perceptions and thoughts of the future life. Here we try to simplify what changes an adolescent goes through so that can help you for your children.

Adolescence is often considered a bridge between childhood and adulthood. It is a time where a number of significant changes occur in a relatively short period of time.

We describe development of an adolescent using three important criteria. Understanding them will lead to better understanding of your teen.


Stages of AdolescencePhysical DevelopmentCognitive
Early Adolescence
Approximately 11-13
Years of Age
Puberty: grow body hair, increase perspiration and oil production in hair and skin.Growing capacity for abstract thought.

Mostly interested in present with limited though to the future intellectual interests expand and become more important.

Deeper moral thinking.
Struggle with sense of identity

Feel awkward about one’s self and body; worry about being normal

Realize that parents are not perfect; increased conflict with parents

Increased influence of peer group
Middle Adolescence
Approximately 14-18
Years of Age
Puberty is completed

Physical growth slow for girls, continues for boys
Continued growth of capacity for abstract thought

Greater capacity for setting goals

Interest in moral reasoning

Thinking about the meaning of life

Desire for independence


Intense self- involvement, changing between high expectations and poor self-concept

Continued adjustment to changing body, worries about being normal

Tendency to distance selves from parents, continued drive for independence
Late Adolescence
Approximately 19-21
Years of Age
Young women, typically, are fully developed

Young men continue to gain height, weight, muscle mass, and
body hair
Ability to think ideas through

Ability to delay gratification

Examination of inner experiences

Increased concern for future

Continued interest in moral reasoning
Firmer sense of identify

Increased emotional stability

Increased concern for others

Increased independence and self-reliance

Peer relationships remain important

Development of more serious relationships


What we can do at TheChildPlus- Holistic Pediatrics?


We can help you to solve your problems for your teens. Feel free to visit us. We are happy to help.


       Aditi Gupta is Parenting  expert and Couseller.



Leave a Reply

You Might Also Like

See All